There are many theories as to how the huge archipelago, the Lakshadweep group of Islands emerged.The most widely accepted one is attributed to Sir Charles Darwin, the renowned English Evolutionist (1842).
He opined that the base of the islands below the reef is a volcanic formation over which corals settled and formed into fringing reefs.These turned into barrier reefs and later to atolls due to the geological submergence of the volcanic base.
One of the world's most spectacular tropical island systems, Lakshadweep is tucked away at 220-240 kms. Off the Malabar Coast.The islands comprise of 4200 sq.km. of lagoon rich in marine wealth ad 36 islands in an area of 32 sq.km.
Each island here is fringed by snow white coral sands.The crystal clear water and the rich marine flora and fauna enhance the mystique of these islands.
Against the vast blue sea the islands look like emeralds.The huge wall like reef bordering the outer side of the shallow lagoons blocks the incoming swells of the sea
The Lakshadweep islands are linked to the mainland by ships & passenger planes.Agatti Island and Bangaram island can be reached by Air and the others by ship from Kochi (Cochin).The temperature increases from South to North; April and May are the hottest with temperatures averaging at 32°C
The relative humidity is 70-75 %.Generally the climate is humid, warm and pleasant.The climate is equable and no well marked, distinct seasons are experienced.
From June to October the south-west monsoon is active.The average rainfall is 10-40 mm.Annual rainfall decreases from south to north.On an average 80-90 days a year are rainy.Winds are light to moderate from October to March.
The Lakshadweep Archipelago has 12 atoils, 3 reefs and 6 submerged banks.The name Lakshadweep or its anglicized form Laccadives is of recent origin.The early geography and Arab travelers have alluded to the islands as"Divis"or"Dibarat"covering both Maldives and Lakshadweep.
By several accounts, the cultural and geographical affinities of Lakshadweep are closely linked to Sri Lanka, Kerala, Maldives and Tamil Nadu.The whole group of islands is one vast coconut garden with 100 trees crowded per acre.There are no boundaries between individual plots and almost no ground vegetables.The houses are spread out throughout the islands
Each island of Lakshadweep, a tiny principality in itself, has existed from time immemorial, with little influence from the outside world